Heres a list of fibers from finest to coarsest (in microns): Based on these criteria, these are the warmest woolens I could find: Pingback: Is angora the same as cashmere? My partner, Marianne, uses many different types of fibers, including dog, which was the first domesticated animal used on a regular basis for fiber. Interesting. If you can put together a good standardized experimental set up, getting people to submit test swatches might be a low work way to get the replication thats needed for statistically robust results. Separately, Id love to see how yak performs. Within these species are various subspecies (like the plans and woods bison). . Alpaca wool also has one of the highest moisture wicking properties of all-natural fibers. The qiviut has about 12-14 microns and an average staple length of 3.5-7 cm. Both animals live in herds, though herding habits are different. Certainly the people of Tibet and Nepal . Our experience is that there is quite a bit of variation from dog to dog, but generally a Malamute is fuzzier. These results show how well different knitted test swatches insulate compared to no insulation. The spinner told me that the great advantage was that if you knitted it into a balaklava for instance, the water vapour from your berath would not freeze on the spun fibre. It is close to Qiviut (musk ox down) and compares in softness and warmth to Cashmere. (slang) A talk, particular an informal talk; chattering; gossip. I hope to have a better follow up someday. Thanks for the feedback. 1) Compression test (as performed in this blog) They are also if full black or black and white mix colour hairs. Maybe this is why merino is preferred: it is *great* at the insulation/structure balance. 2) No compression, no wind radiant heat lamp with a glass of water inside a swatch (basically make a cozy for the beaker) This is where my testing completely disagrees with those statements. I wonder if that might provide part of an explanation for the surprising results. The lower air-space will be directly exposed to the hot-plate surface and thus will heat up. The fiber was beige-tan, long staple (4-12; undercoat up to 4), completely waterproof (no absorption), lightweight and very fuzzy. Musk oxen and yaks are herbivores and their diets are dictated by habitat. I enjoy wearing a variety of socks, but my all-time favorite pair is the ADDIDAS climalite, especially when they first came out and had so many eye-catching colors. I have verified my test swatch is similar in thickness to my other samples. The human body is constantly adapting and switching from warming to cooling states so there is fairly wide range of temperatures you can be comfortable. It is warmer by miles than any blanket Ive ever owned and has an amazing capacity to trap body heat and keep me toasty warm on even the coldest nights even though it is loosely woven. The musk oxen don't migrate like other animals do, but they developed this super soft and warm underdown instead. Newborn calves weigh between 9 to 11 kg. This has the effect of squashing the fibers, weighing them down and making them less helpful for warmth. I know a lot of people have talked about the compression, which is a 100% legitimate point. size of swatch I dont believe a lick of it. Im going to try some other ways of insulating around the aluminum block. Yak owners help this along by combing out their yaks and collecting the down. The heaviest of all bison and buffalo species is actually the water buffalo. They also have a unqiue ability to adjust their metabolism and heart rate to conserve energy. Its about being the lightest, strongest fiber. I suppose Im somewhat concerned that the stats might not equal the performance. I already have a lot of Jacob wool so that will probably be one of the options. Chapter 2.1 in this document explains this method. This is where my testing completely disagrees with those statements. I also read The Warmest Socks its a very interesting article. Not elastic. To be honest, the angora surprises me more. Properties of Qiviut Wool. Yaks have large lungs and a high red blood cell count, so those living at high altitudes in the Himalayas thrive and don't suffer from altitude illness. I really appreciated that, and I dont think we should be brushing off the results. 2023 WILD SKY MEDIA. This might be why merino did so well: it has *tons* of structure, and was able to support the weight the best while still maintaining air pockets. I did some measurements on the thickness and they are all between 4 and 4.7mm. Horns. I really am not surprised by the result, though it turns out that dog fur is not x7 as warm as wool, and angora is not 5x as warm as wool, which is what Ive read. They have very thick, dense coats for one. Sadly, Im not a consistent enough spinner to accomplish what Im describing, or Id whip up another set of rest swatches :/. (Ive seen a website claiming cashmere is much warmer than merino wool.). Texas Boys Catch a Hog the Size of a Grizzly Bear, Watch an Amazing Lion Go Airborne and Snatch a Baboon Straight Out of a Tree, Watch a Massive Bison Kick a Chasing Wolf Straight In The Face. Wonderful experiment! Additionally, their horns are shorter and have an angle to them about halfway up, where the muskox is slowly curved. And I would hypothesize, being a rare luxury fur thats never genuinely been used for survival, breeders of angora rabbits likely focus on softness and quantity over insulation, with the furs insulating properties simply taken for granted. I will point out the one described wouldnt actually work. American bison are found in North America, while European bison are found in Europe and the Caucasus. The results are very interesting and useful, however. It was being mixed with wool at a 40% possum/60% sheep ratio is my memory. The Inuktitut name for the musk ox is umingmak meaning the bearded one. As nouns the difference between ox and bison. Then I put the insulator (a knitted test swatch) on the hot plate set to 120 degrees Celsius. For example, if I wear a hoodie (which might weigh ~1.5-3lbs, lets say 1kg), its weight is chiefly resting on my shoulders. Also, caribou would be interesting , as its been used for its warmth, as well as sea otter, being the most dense fur. Its worse than wet cotton. - Alpaca HeartAlpaca Heart, Your email address will not be published. While beef or dairy cows often have their first calf at two years of age, bison cows typically don't have a calf until they are three years old. I wonder if you got a blend. Cape buffalo horns resemble a handlebar mustache; they have a thick, helmet-like base and curl down . An adult castrated male of cattle (B. taurus). Yak verb. (The aboriginal peoples in the pacific northwest of north america had a distinct breed that was kept and used almost entirely for this purpose.) It is nice to see that normal wools should work fine. Now, I wouldnt want silk as a base-layer, since its seems poor at wicking (to me, at least) and smells. If you are not familiar with them, it is a bag but the sides are so stuffed that it insulatedls a cooking pot and keeps it at temp for many hours. Almazrestaurant, Pingback: Is Rabbit Fur Warmer Than Faux Fur? My Ganda knit hat made from her fiber was very lightweight, completely waterproof, and incredibly warm (though the hat is now worn out after about 6 years). I saw compression notes but under this sort of testing, concrete would be better than any of these animal fibers, and as most people know, concrete is a lousy insulator. If so, drop me a line. Its probably because its always mixed with merino wool. But they dont? I absolutely agree with you point on loft. Both of these guys are big, but the yak is the larger of the two. You mentioned that you were unable to obtain acrylic fiber to sample acrylic. Are yak and musk ox related? There is only a limited amount of fiber available estimated at 10,000 pounds per year versus 2,100,000,000 pounds of sheep wool. I actually tried to record the podcast, it was so wonderful. The tails of bison and yaks are also vastly different. In the early 1900s, reintroduction efforts for the muskox into Europe began, with populations surviving in Russia, Norway, and Sweden. The gestation is about 8 months, and they typically will have one offspring. According to Musk Ox Farm, one adult musk ox sheds about 4.5 pounds of down (about 2 kg). The muskox is large, however, much of its apparent bulk comes from its dense, thick hair that is needed for the harsh winters in the north. Other warm (and very soft) wools include llama, camel, angora, cashmere, vicuna, and guanaco. This is the type of wool people say to use when you want a warm sweater, and it didnt disappoint. Thanks for the correction about possums. The next telltale sign concerns the horns. And of course, the individual variations in the quality of each type of fibers would be difficult to take into account; not all merino are made equal and the term is applied to a very very wide variety of wool (what Aussies call good merino would barely qualify as merino at all under some standards). We have all wondered what is the warmest yarn to spin and knit. I am wondering if you have done other experiments. I am in NYS but I watched a livestreamed spinning and weaving seminar they offered during the COVID lockdown it was all about spinning and weaving with wolf fur. Good luck and keep working on this it is unique and really valuable information. fiber type(s) It turned out that most of the heat was not lost through the test swatches (evident by them all being very close). An added bonus is this is a fairly easy to get yarn and less expensive than most of the other yarns on this list. Do you know how cashmere would rank on your insulation results? Itd be nice if it was more substantially Arctic fox, but itd still be interesting to see how it compares. I want to do more experiments in this area some day, but have been too busy with other projects. Id be super interested though if someone could point me to such experiments. I believe (no proof whatsoever) that it needs that air space to provide such wonderful insulation. The wool is washed, sorted and carded before it is spun into yarn. In this case, because it is not thermally conductive. It may have the effect of cancelling out the loft of the fiber. The problem with this sample is this isnt a common type of fiber which makes it hard to get and really expensive. I always have cold feet, so the price would be worth it to me if theyre truly warmer. But its not. So while the percentages above can help you see the relative insulating properties of different fibers, you shouldnt take these numbers to be how warm they keep you in all cases. An ox-like mammal native to the Himalayas and Tibet with dark, long, and silky hair, a horse-like tail, and a full, bushy mane. Musk oxen do not migrate like caribou but they will range over a great swath of territory. A lot of the bulk that is seen with muskox comes from their thick hair which protects them from the harsh climate they live in. I bought it from an elderly woman on the beach and I have a feeling it was handmade. The European bison was rendered extinct in the wild until reintroduction by humans. Use cotton as a control. I agree with other comments regarding the issue of compressing the fibers under the beaker. However, there is a limited amount of Qiviut produced every year, so its expensive. . 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